Qualities that was associated with femininity, such as decorative, precious, miniature, sentimental amateur was put in contradiction with High Art that were associated with men. Because of how women has been excluded from history there was only a few artworks that could with certainty describe as done by women. Among these were Sofonisha Anguissola, Artemisia Gentileschi, and Judith Leyster. They were seen as exceptions surrounded with a world filled with male geniuses.
To verify women’s artists copyright, the total sum of the work as a collection, and the size of the body of work were difficult. Because women were in charge of the domestic and children, their body of work were smaller and even the size of the work were smaller in scale. Thus women and the doctrine that define them became inseparable. Just as men became inseparable from their principles.
Women of color and homosexuality challenged the idea of the inclusive “female experience” because this, they say would not be representative of all people, because empowers the white heterosexual image of women instead of breaking the traditional ideology down. To create a new and more true ideology of what is female and what is male it is necessary to create a new language, new imagery. Women scholars used structuralism, psychoanalysis, semiology and cultural studies to examines the structure that was, then question that system and create a more realistic idea that moved away from the ideology of men and women found since the Renaissance. As such it became clear that the difference between male and female are determined not by biology alone but by economics, cultural differences and political inclinations as well. Women Art historians start to look differently at Art History. History whether, Art or Social History is not the neutral and universal structure it was thought to be but influenced by politics, economics and social dogmas. Griselda Pollock played an important role at this time with her investigations and conclusions.
- Rebecca Price: Where Did Hillary and Audrey Go? Writing Women Out of History (huffingtonpost.com)